Every strategy begins with a goal: a clear picture of what should be achieved by the end of the action. The goal is the driver of an action: an action with no goal has no direction. In a PhD project, setting clear goals is vital. This article shows you how to set achievable goals.
A goal is a dream wiht a deadline.
6 reasons why you should set goals
1. Goals give you a clear direction
Doctoral research is like an expedition into an unknown country. You need to know your destination in order to create a road map. You need to have a clear endpoint that you want to reach. Otherwise, you might start researching areas that seem exciting but are off-topic.
2. Goals help you to make decisions
When you know what you want to achieve, it is easier to identify which paths represent unnecessary detours. It is easier to leave aside what is not going to help you to reach your goal. This is in complete contrast with when you do things based on a whim, just because something sounds interesting, exciting – but is actually off-topic.
3. Goals help you to measure your progress
As a goal is an endpoint, you can measure how far you have already come. I’d like to mention the case of Christina, a former participant of my writing workshop. She had been trying to write her thesis for more than 2 years, with a job and a family – some days she would write for 18 hours, and then nothing for weeks. This stop and start rhythm was continuously breaking her train of thoughts and was exhausting. After the workshop, she set a clear goal: my thesis will be written by 31 July. In order to reach her goal, she set a clear interim goal: every working day, 90 minutes of writing. Some days she wrote one page, other days five. Her thesis was written within 6 months, without stress nor panic.
4. Goals help to curb procrastination
If you have a clear idea of what you what you want to achieve, and what you have to do, it is easier to take action than if you firstly have to decide what it is that you want to do today.
5. Goals boost motivation
The clear picture of what you want to realise provides you with the foundation for your action. By giving yourself a concrete endpoint to reach, you enhance your motivation. You know what you want to focus on, so you put all your efforts into it. You have probably had this experience: you must send your paper by a given deadline – you have 24 hours. The goal is clear, the time available also. Suddenly, you are not procrastinating any more – you focus on the essentials, you put 100% of your energy into your paper and get the task done (and get excited about it).
6. Goals help to reduce the quantity of work
If you have no clear goal, you will never feel like you have finished your work. You need to read more, to write more, to do more. But if you have a clear goal, you know when you have reached it. When your goal is reached, then you don’t need to read more, to write more, to do more. The work is done – you can congratulate yourself and relax!
Learn to set SMART goals
Specific. Avoid vague goals. You might lose time and get lost in the details. Your goal needs to be as concrete, as specific as possible. What does it look like? Close your eyes and imagine yourself having reached your goal. How will you feel when you reach it?
Measurable. What is measurable is manageable. Setting a measurable goal shows you whether it is realistic. If you say : I want to write my thesis at the week end, you will probably end up doing anything but writing. If you say: I will write 10 pages, or I will write for 2 hours, the task becomes concrete. Then you can consider if 10 pages or 2 hours are realistic or not – and adapt the goal if necessary. What concrete criteria will you use to measure your progress towards the achievement of your goal?
Attractive. If your goal is unattractive, you will not be motivated to work on reaching it. If your goal feels unattractive, find a way to make it attractive: what will it take to reach it ? What will change in your life once you have reached it ?
Relevant: Your goal must be relevant to your thesis. Of course, your topic is exciting and every article, conference, and experiment might seem interesting, important, indispensable. Prioritize what you need to do. Some tasks are more important than others; some might be nice to do, but secondary; and many of them are just useless. Concentrate on the essentials in order to stay focused.
Timely. Set deadlines for achieving your goal. A time frame forces you to focus your work towards the achievement of your goal. When do you want to have achieved your goal?
10 questions to prepare a successful year
It’s your turn!
Please complete this questionnaire in writing and guard it preciously. I suggest that you imagine which SMART goal you absolutely want to reach by 31 December, but of course you can change the date if it sounds too far away.
- What is the specific goal you want to reach by 31 December 2018? One goal, one sentence (25 words maximum). If your goal is something like, “I want to do this and then to do that”, you actually have two goals. Please focus on the FINAL goal you want to reach.
- How will you know that you have reached your goal?
- How will you feel when you have reached it? Give as many details as possible.
- What concrete criteria is there for measuring your progress toward the achievement of your goal?
- What are the working steps (interim goals) which will lead you to the specific goal you want to reach? First brainstorm them, and then order them.
- What are the relevant tasks you need to do and the relevant texts you need to read in order to achieve your goal by 31 December 2018?
- What unnecessary tasks, reading, experiments will you decide not to do because they will not help you reach your goal by 31 December?
- Go back to the interim goals (question 5) and set deadlines for the first three.
- What working routine do you want to implement in your daily life to help yourself towards your goal? (Begin with one single practice. Once it has become a habit, you can implement another one).
- What bad habit, which hinders you from reaching your goal, do you want to quit this year? (Begin with one bad habit. Once you are rid of it, you can focus on the next one).
Click here to download the PDF of this questionnaire!
Remember to look at your answers once a month in order to add new goals, delete others or revise them.
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